Glossary of Leather Terms

Leather: a material made from the skin of an animal by tanning or a similar process.

Suede: leather with the flesh side rubbed to make a velvety nap.

Shearling: generally, a sheep suede that has been tanned and the wool left on; suede on one side and clipped fur on the other.

Top Grain: Leather bearing the original grain surface as exposed by removal of the epidermis and with none of the surface removed by buffing, snuffing or splitting.

Nubuck: Cowhide leather that has been rubbed on the outer side of the hide to give it a feel like that of suede.

elusive: difficult to find, catch or achieve

Aniline Leather: a type of leather dyed exclusively with soluble dyes without covering the surface with a topcoat paint or insoluble pigments. The resulting product retains the hide's natural surface with the 'grain', i.e. visible pores, scars etc. of the complete original animal's skin structure. This type of leather can also be called full aniline leather or cuir sauvage, depending on the dye treatment variants.

Semi-aniline leather: is produced through a very similar process to full-aniline, but has a thin protective top coat added to protect it from wear and staining. Pull-up aniline leather has additional oil or wax applied to the leather to give it a distressed look.

Hugger-mugger: confused, disorderly, secrecy

Antiqued Leather: Leather that is dyed with one color over another (usually darker over lighter) so as to create rich highlights and an artificial aged appearance. It is also called distressed leather.

Fur: the short, fine, soft hair of certain animals.

Dry clean: clean (a garment) with an organic solvent, without using water.

Confusion: the state of being bewildered or unclear in one's mind about something

Subtly: in a clever and indirect way, in order to achieve something

Wet clean: is a method in garment cleaning, utilizing a gentle washing machine, biodegradable soaps and conditioners, and various types of pressing and re-shaping equipment that may be specialized for many different fabric and fiber types.

Faux: made in imitation; artificial, not genuine.

Refinish: apply a new finish to a surface or object.

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